Honey bees are an ancient existing species and live in huge colonies of usually 40,000- 60,000. Each colony consists of the queen bee, who is the chief egg layer, workers (females) and drones (males). Honey bees build swarms as their method of reproduction. They shift their habitat during spring which results in a huge cluster of honey bees migrating from one place to another creating a huge noise which often scares others. Everyone is scared of a bee hive as it implies that there are honey bees around. The sting of the honey bee is really painful and poisonous.
But nonetheless, honey bees are reared in large numbers at Honeybee Gardens or farms. They are bred in large numbers to obtain a lot of useful products from them also to make sure that they do not cause any major harm to human population. The art of beekeeping is known as apiculture. From ancient times, man has reared animals and birds. Therefore they also tried their hand at rearing honey bees in artificial hives made from logs, wood, pots etc.
There are many ways in which Honeybee Gardens farming is carried out. The conventional method refers to using fixed combs or hives where the comb is immovable and cannot be manipulated. It cannot be harvested until a permanent damage is caused to it. Any hollow structure like a log, trunk etc. can be used for this matter. This method has become really outdated and illegal in some countries. Yet some places follow this method, as it earns them their bread and butter.
Modern technology involves the use of movable hives where the frames are movable. These are more convenient when it comes to the harvester. Top bar hives are another kind of bee farming where they have no frames. The combs aren’t returned to the hive after their extraction unlike the movable hives. Hence the honey production is less when compared to a movable hive. Top-bar hives are usually reared by the ones who want to rear honey bees, rather than generating honey. These cost lesser and are found better when it comes to interacting with bees.
Beekeepers need to be really careful when they harvest bees. They need to be protected completely to avoid any stings. The sting could be venomous. The effect of the sting on the face is much more than on any other body part. Therefore most beekeepers prefer to keep their face and neck covered. Amateurs also wear gloves while experienced ones don’t wear them. They usually wear suits that are not colorful. These suits need to be washed regularly to remove any stings as these continue to eject out alarm pheromone which attracts more dangerous activities of the bees. The best is to rinse the clothes regularly.
Backyard keeping is yet another small scale way of rearing bees to obtain honey. They usually use minimum pesticides and practiced in areas where pesticides are banned. Bees are reared for a lot of products, the major one being honey. Other products related to the hive are bee wax, pollen, propolis and even royal jelly. Bee gardens have provided employment to a large mass of people all across the world.